Within the requirements for the Environmental Impact Studies and for some Environmental Management Plans is required to develop flora and fauna studies, which allows to know the biotic characteristics of the studies areas.
eQual has extensive experience in conducting inventories of flora and fauna, for which we follow the guidelines of the General Methodology for Submission of Environmental Studies of the Ministry of Environment and sustainable development.
In our company we have a group of biologists with whom we conduct studies of all vertebrate groups, as follows:
Mastofauna: To characterize the mastofauna apply specific methodologies for the study of flying mammals (bats) caught at night using mist nets to be photographed, identified and later released, small terrestrial mammals, with catch, photograph and release and direct observation of large mammals, or indirectly through fingerprints and other traces as well as obtaining photographs using cameras with motion sensors.
Avifauna: Studies of birds include the capture, identification and immediate release of bird specimens using mist nets and conducting transect observation and photography with telephoto lenses of the species that are not captured in these networks and through recordings of songs.
Herpetofauna: Reptiles and amphibians are characterized by catch, photograph and release of samples, making observation transects day and night. They are also identified by recording the songs of frogs.
Ichthyofauna: fish studies are conducted for both commercial fishing species, using traditional fishing gear in each region and estimating the average fishing effort, for which fishermen are hired in each region. Additionally, other gear used to capture specimens of non-commercial species, but not for this with lower ecological value. This allows the characterization of fish fauna of water streams under study and complements hydrobiological studies conducted in such streams.
Characterization of plant communities: As an initial step to characterize plant communities defining the different plant communities, using remote sensing imagery and interpretation of aerial photographs.
Through inventories in certain plots, our botanical team performs ecological characterization of the study areas, determining the presence of different species that make up the identified vegetation cover.
When the project under analysis requires deforestation, forest inventory is made of 100% of the specimens to be cut, is requested to the competent authority the relevant permit and processed forestry management plan sheets, including all measures for handling logging and forest products obtained and required for forest clearing. For this, we have a group of forestall engineers that develop these activities.